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The clinical manifestations and diets of patients with renal failure

1. the clinical manifestations of patients with Renal failure

(1) gastrointestinaltract : nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, ammonia taste

(2) the performance of nervous system : dizziness, fatigue, memory deterioration, limbs numb

(3) cardiovascular: High blood pressure, heart enlargement, heart failure, pericarditis

(4) hematopoietic system: anemia, iron and folic acid deficiency

(5) respiratory system : pneumonia, bronchitis

(6) skin: dry, scaling, itching

(7) water, electrolyte, acid-base balance disorders

(8) infection, low immunity

(9) renal bone disease

The tips on diets of kidney disease Each category lists ,two types of daily foods or taboos.

肾衰图片.jpg

Five low ,one high: low potassium, low salt, low phosphorus, low fat, low protein, high vitamin

1. Low potassium . high potassium foods: all kinds of edible fungi, potatoes, yam, cabbage, red dates, bananas, oranges, white fungus, peaches, apricots, spinach, rape and so on.

2. Low salt. high salt foods: gourmet powder, soda crackers, fine dry noodles, soy sauce, cruller, blood pressure is not steady controlled or with severe swelling ,need avoid salt intake , the general daily salt consumption should less than 3 grams .

3. Low phosphorus . High phosphorus foods : seafood and marine plants, such as: kelp, seaweed, animal offal, sesame, tea, honey, egg yolk.

4. low fat diets : vegetable oil instead of animal oil especially corn oil is better , no oily foods .

5 high-quality low-protein .advice to have egg white, milk and lean , the amount reduce to less than 100 grams a day, plant protein is not recommended , such as beans and a variety of soy products, tofu, soy milk and all kinds of dried fruit, Such as: peanuts, melon seeds, walnuts.

Article URL : http://www.sjzhospital.com/faq/2443.html

Article by : Shijiazhuang Kidney Disease Hospital

TAG:the clinical manifestations,diets,renal failure

Call us: +86311-89261530  Email: june.cao@sjzhospital.com   FACE BOOK The best hospital for renal failure
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