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The causes of edema

 The causes of edema,Edema or œdema is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitium, located beneath the skin and in the cavities of the body, which can cause severe pain. Clinically, edema manifests as swelling. The amount of interstitial fluid is determined by the balance of fluid homeostasis; and the increased secretion of fluid into the interstitium, or the impaired removal of the fluid, can cause the condition. The word is from Greek οἴδημα oídēma meaning "swelling".

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Six factors can contribute to the formation of edema:

1, increased hydrostatic pressure;

2, reduced colloidal or oncotic pressure within blood vessels;

3, increased tissue colloidal or oncotic pressure;

4, increased blood vessel wall permeability (e.g., inflammation);

5, obstruction of fluid clearance in the lymphatic system;

6, changes in the water retaining properties of the tissues themselves. Raised hydrostatic

7, pressure often reflects retention of water and sodium by the kidney.

Article URL : http://www.sjzhospital.com/faq/2481.html

Article by : Shijiazhuang Kidney Disease Hospital

TAG:edema

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